Root and Jeffrey D.
It is the only version to which Lincoln affixed his signature, and the last he is known to have written. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.
We are met on a great battle-field of that war.
We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate—we can not consecrate—we can not hallow—this ground.
The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.
It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
Begins with an acknowledgment of revered predecessors: It is difficult to find a single obviously classical reference in any of his speeches. Lincoln had mastered the sound of the King James Bible so completely that he could recast abstract issues of constitutional law in Biblical terms, making the proposition that Texas and New Hampshire should be forever bound by a single post office sound like something right out of Genesis.
I brought with me additional sermons and lectures of Theodore Parker, who was warm in his commendation of Lincoln. He liked especially the following expression, which he marked with a pencil, and which he in substance afterwards used in his Gettysburg Address: It is not the creature of State legislatures; nay, more, if the whole truth must be told, the people brought it into existence, established it, and have hitherto supported it, for the very purpose, amongst others, of imposing certain salutary restraints on State sovereignties.
In asserting the superiority of federal power over the states, Chief Justice Marshall stated: In form, and in substance, it emanates from them. Its powers are granted by them, and are to be exercised directly on them, and for their benefit. Lincoln gave copies to his private secretaries, John Nicolay and John Hay.
Robert Lincoln began a search for the original copy inwhich resulted in the discovery of a handwritten copy of the Gettysburg Address among the bound papers of John Hay—a copy now known as the "Hay copy" or "Hay draft". In this copy, as in the Nicolay copy, the words "under God" are not present.
This version has been described as "the most inexplicable" of the drafts and is sometimes referred to as the "second draft". Those who believe that it was completed on the morning of his address point to the fact that it contains certain phrases that are not in the first draft but are in the reports of the address as delivered and in subsequent copies made by Lincoln.
It is probable, they conclude, that, as stated in the explanatory note accompanying the original copies of the first and second drafts in the Library of CongressLincoln held this second draft when he delivered the address.
The draft Lincoln sent became the third autograph copy, and is now in the possession of the Illinois State Historical Library in Springfield, Illinois where it is currently on display in the Treasures Gallery of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. Bancroft copy The Bancroft copy [d] of the Gettysburg Address was written out by President Lincoln in February at the request of George Bancroftthe famed historian and former Secretary of the Navywhose comprehensive ten-volume History of the United States later led him to be known as the "father of American History".
As this fourth copy was written on both sides of the paper, it proved unusable for this purpose, and Bancroft was allowed to keep it. This manuscript is the only one accompanied both by a letter from Lincoln transmitting the manuscript and by the original envelope addressed and franked by Lincoln.
Kroch Library at Cornell University. Discovering that his fourth written copy could not be used, Lincoln then wrote a fifth draft, which was accepted for the purpose requested. Lincoln is not known to have made any further copies of the Gettysburg Address.
It is the version that is inscribed on the South wall of the Lincoln Memorial. Cintasformer Cuban Ambassador to the United States. The Museum also launched an online exhibition and interactive gallery to enable visitors to look more closely at the document. It also differs from the drafted text in a number of minor ways.
Inthe printed recollections of year-old Mrs.
Then there was an impressive silence like our Menallen Friends Meeting. There was no applause when he stopped speaking. The crowd was hushed into silence because the President stood before them It was so Impressive!
It was the common remark of everybody. Such a speech, as they said it was! According to Garry Wills, this statement has no basis in fact and largely originates from the unreliable recollections of Lamon.
In a letter to Lincoln written the following day, Everett praised the President for his eloquent and concise speech, saying, "I should be glad if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of the occasion, in two hours, as you did in two minutes.Gettysburg Address Text Abraham Lincoln was the 16th American President who served in office from March 4, to April 15, One of the important events during his presidency was the Gettysburg Address .
Aug 24, · Watch video · On this day in , President Abraham Lincoln boards a train for Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, to deliver a short speech at the dedicationof a cemetery of soldiers killed during the battle there on. Few other places in the United States have such a strong sense of history as Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
The site of the greatest battle of the Civil War fought in which cost the nation 51, lives is commemorated all over Gettysburg, from Gettysburg National Military Park with one thousand monuments, to famous colorful battle .
The Gettysburg Collection is a digital video library filled with hundreds of titles on the Battle of Gettysburg. Tour the battlefield with the Gettysburg National Military Park Rangers, stream a lecture from nationally acclaimed historians, or watch an interview with experts on subjects ranging from key moments and figures in the battle to Gettysburg's impact .
The feedback you provide will help us show you more relevant content in the future. Undo. Answer Wiki. 4 Answers. Eric Brenner, it was to decide if the United States would survive or be a failed experiment.
What was the long-term impact of the Battle of Gettysburg on the Civil War? Battle of Gettysburg; Part of the American Civil War: Pickett's Charge as depicted by Thulstrup in The Battle of Gettysburg.