Leaders - a complete list of the national leaders of the countries which participated in World War 2. Heinrich Himmler - the power-hungry head of the Nazi SS.
Interwar tactics The Vickers Carden-Lloyd tankette seemed a cheap and efficient way to mass-produce armoured vehicles, and to experiment with fully motorized units on a tactical and operational level. First produced in and largely exported and built under licence throughout the world, it was one of the most serious attempts to built a truly mechanized army.
Fast, lightweight and agile, it was designed to carry a single Bren machine-gun, two personnel and some material and could sustain only infantry fire During WWI the tank was first used with mixed success, but its deployment was aimed at cleaning up enemy lines with more precision than a massive artillery barrage.
Tanks were also followed closely by infantry, staying with them during the breakthrough, mostly to deal with machine-gun nests.
This tactic was developed and refined at a steady pace by both the British and the French, and three classes of tanks were defined. Infantry tanks were well-armed and well protected but utterly slow infantry pace. Cavalry tanks were, on the contrary, very fast and agile, but lightly protected and with weak armament.
They were used for scouting operations and advancing deep behind enemy lines. All these tanks types were spread among infantry formations, attached to them as well as supporting artillery units.
No really independent mechanized corps concept was defined, at least until the beginning of WWII.
Inthis was the main tactical vision favored by the Allies. Some British theoreticians and officers like Liddel Hart and J. Fuller were attached to the first tank units during the First World War, and quickly grasped all their potential. Both were published and acquired some fame among German officers, including Manstein and Guderian.
The Christie tank suspensions were revolutionary, and fast armored columns were put to the test prior towith Bren Carriers and light Carden-Lloyd tankettes. However this was not describing a tank tactic, but rather a whole combined arms strategy, and was put in practice with a master principle: This strategy involved several steps: The Blitzkrieg is triggered before the breaking of diplomatic relationships.
Military airfields are the first to be attacked; most of the enemy air forces have to be destroyed before even taking off.
Paratroopers or glider-airborne commandos seize by night all the bridges, com centers and other valuable targets. At noon, the ground assault begins. A spearhead of tanks followed by mechanized infantry, closely supported by the air force.
The mechanized spearhead makes a breakthrough and deep penetration in enemy lines. The main forces, still intact, are outflanked, outmaneuvered and surrounded.
Following this mechanized fast assault, regular troops arrive with artillery, to deal with the last resistance pockets. These steps required very well -trained and well-equipped mechanized, supplied and well-armed infantry and tank units, flexibility, a fast decision-making process and a perfect communication capability at all times and at all operational levels.
Terror was another way to obtain capitulation, by pressuring the civilian population while bombarding major cities. This kind of offensive however, proved so successful that, in time, a myth emerged of German invincibility, which was not to prove true in the long run.
Although both Allied camps -west and east- had to push forward an immense industrial capacity and large numbers of men to win, the Allies also learned to use almost similar tactics to forge their own successes.
US General Patton for example, showed probably the best Allied version of it, being instrumental in the rapid breakthrough from Normandy to the Rhine. The terms were still the preferred ones by the general media when relating the allied offensive to liberate Kuwait from the Iraqis in Soviet military doctrine From its early beginnings from the ashes of Civil War, the Red Army viewed prospects of military strategy and tactics with a fresh eye.
But if the Boshelviks had men and some worn-out tanks and armored cars, they were also deeply aware of the past failures and defeats of the Russian military plus their own experience against Poland inand consequently sought to embrace new ideas.
The early opposition between Leon Trotsky and Mikhail Frunze, an experienced commander, turned into profit for the latter, fueling a comprehensive debate from which emerged several concepts appropriate to the needs of the Red Army and its defense policy for the years to come.
During these exchanges, for example, Tukhachevsky defended the idea of a decisive battle while Alexander Svechin professed that the Russian territory was ideally suited for a war of attrition. An attack-based policy gained full support at all levels of the military. Several units were used as a bait, to attract and divert the attention, while the main effort was aimed at a specific point.
These diversionary operations both prevented the enemy from moving reserves where the main breakthrough was taking place, and any effort to organize an elastic defense. The Deep Battle concept could however be adapted also for a defensive operation.Published: Mon, 5 Dec World War 2, also known as the Second World War was the largest and most violent armed conflict in history which lasted for more than six years from to , which produced approximately 50 million deaths.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from to The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than million people from over 30 countries.
Technological Advancements Brought on by World War II Essay; the tank was one of the most important vehicles used. Leading up to World War Two, tanks were made more powerful, faster, lighter, and stronger. More about Technological Advancements Brought on by World War II Essay. Inventions and Advancements that Took Place During World War.
World War II Research Papers World War II was between Germany and most of the rest of Europe and came in a series of challenges that began as soon as Hitler came to power in Germany in Battle of Guadalcanal - Battle of Guadalcanal research papers overview one of the most important military campaigns of World War II in the Pacific .
Prototypes. The interwar, probably more than the Second World War itself, was filled with all sorts of tanks and armored vehicles and especially hybrids that experimented with the genres, when armored warfare was still being theorized and had a lot of enthusiastic supporters.
World War II Research Papers A research paper on WWII explores the impact World War II had on the international community, and examines the political, social, and historical consequences of the war upon the world and its inhabitants.