Topics include major events, persons, and issues spanning the period from the African heritage to contemporary times. Students survey the evolution of African American expressive culture in music, literature, film, art, and dance. The course includes lectures, discussions, and video presentations.
An Objectivist Individualist Charles R. The critical battle of our day is the conflict between the individual and the state.
We must be ever vigilant and constant defenders of the equal sovereign rights of every individual to life, liberty, property, self-ownership, and the personal pursuit of happiness. Among the issues most commonly discussed are individuality, the rights of the individual, the limits of legitimate government, morality, history, economics, government policy, science, business, education, health care, energy, and man-made global warming evaluations.
My posts are aimed at intelligent and rational individuals, whose comments are very welcome. Tim Ball and Tom Harris UN climate cataclysm predictions have no basis in fact and should not be taken seriously Throughout the United Nations Climate Change Conference wrapping up in Bonn, Germany this week, the world has been inundated with the usual avalanche of manmade global warming alarmism.
There is essentially nothing to support these alarms, of course. We simply do not have adequate observational data required to know or understand what has happened over the past century and a half. Meaningful forecasts of future climate conditions are therefore impossible.
We also lack data to properly understand what weather was like over most of the planet even in the recent past.
Without a good understanding of past weather conditions, we have no way to know the history, or the future, of average weather conditions — what we call the climate. Averaging such poor data in an attempt to determine past or future global conditions cannot yield anything meaningful — and certainly nothing accurate or valid enough to use in making critical energy policy decisions.
Modern weather station surface temperature data are now collected using precision thermocouples. But, starting in the s, less and less ground surface temperature data was used for plots such as HadCRUT4.
Initially, this was done because governments believed satellite monitoring could take over from most of the ground surface data collection.
However, the satellites did not show the warming that climate activists and computer models had forecast. So, bureaucrats closed many of the colder rural surface temperature sensing stations, while many stations in the vast frigid area of Siberia were closed for economic and other reasons.
The net result was that cold temperature data disappeared from more recent records — thereby creating artificial warming trends, the very warming that alarmists predicted, desired and needed for political purposes.
Indeed, there are fewer weather stations in operation now than there were in But the lack of adequate surface data is only the start of the problem. The models divide the atmosphere into cubes piled on top of each other, ideally with wind, humidity, cloud cover and temperature conditions known for different altitudes.
But we currently have even less data above the surface than on it, and there is essentially no historical data at altitude.
But the satellites are unable to collect data from the north and south poles, regions that are touted as critical to understanding global warming.
Moreover, space-based temperature data collection did not start untiland 30 years of weather data is required to generate a single data point on a climate graph. The satellite record is far too short to allow us to come to any useful conclusions about climate change.
Insensibly one begins to twist facts to suit theories, instead of theories to suit facts. We should use these facts to spotlight and embarrass them every time.
Tim Ball is an environmental consultant and former climatology professor at the University of Winnipeg in Manitoba.$ , was released by the government to the public due to UN collaboration and end-of-year donation the sum of $ 50, was sent to each card It is advisable that you contact us now to receive.
Neither I nor We is appropriate. The better way is to use passive voice e.g. "it is shown" or "it is implied," or to use phrases referring to your study, e.g.
LITERARY ANALYSIS ON MARK TWAIN'S WRITING Literary Analysis on Mark Twain's Writings Literary Analysis on Mark Twain's Writings Introduction Mark Twain is best known as the author of the American novel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (). His original name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens. He was born in and died in . By popular request, this is an in-depth index for the #1 New York Times bestseller, Tools of Titans! Give it a breeze, and you'll see that it can help you find just about any type of advice imaginable, all by theme, category, and name. Best Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Exchanges. Ratings and reviews of the best exchanges to trade bitcoin and other cryptocurrency on the web. Exchanges are rated on ease of use, security and methods of payment available.
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The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place. — George Bernard Shaw.
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