History[ edit ] Even before independence, the Government of India maintained semi-autonomous diplomatic relations. It india foreign policy today essay help colonies such as the Aden Settlementwho sent and received full missions,  and was a founder member of both the League of Nations  and the United Nations.
During the Cold WarIndia adopted a foreign policy of not aligning itself with any major power bloc. However, India developed close ties with the Soviet Union and received extensive military support from it.
The end of the Cold War significantly affected India's foreign policy, as it did for much of the world. The country now seeks to strengthen its diplomatic and economic ties with the United States,   the European Union trading bloc Japan,  Israel,  Mexico,  and Brazil.
States that host an Indian diplomatic mission India Nations that host an Indian diplomatic mission India's foreign policy has always regarded the concept of neighbourhood as one of widening concentric circles, around a central axis of historical and cultural commonalities.
As many as 22 million people of Indian origin live and work abroad and constitute an important link with the mother country. An important role of India's foreign policy has been to ensure their welfare and wellbeing within the framework of the laws of the country where they live.
Nehru served concurrently as Prime Minister and Minister of External Affairs; he made all major foreign policy decisions himself after consulting with his advisers and then entrusted the conduct of international affairs to senior members of the Indian Foreign Service.
His successors continued to exercise considerable control over India's international dealings, although they generally appointed separate ministers of external affairs. By the s, the Office of the Prime Minister had become the de facto coordinator and supraministry of the Indian government.
The enhanced role of the office strengthened the prime minister's control over foreign policy making at the expense of the Ministry of External Affairs. Advisers in the office provided channels of information and policy recommendations in addition to those offered by the Ministry of External Affairs.
A subordinate part of the office—the Research and Analysis Wing RAW —functioned in ways that significantly expanded the information available to the prime minister and his advisers.
The RAW gathered intelligence, provided intelligence analysis to the Office of the Prime Minister, and conducted covert operations abroad.
The prime minister's control and reliance on personal advisers in the Office of the Prime Minister was particularly strong under the tenures of Indira Gandhi —77 and —84 and her son, Rajiv —89who succeeded her, and weaker during the periods of coalition governments.
Observers find it difficult to determine whether the locus of decision-making authority on any particular issue lies with the Ministry of External Affairs, the Council of Ministers, the Office of the Prime Minister, or the prime minister himself.
Subrahmanyam in to head a special government task force to study 'Global Strategic Developments' over the next decade. Ministry of External Affairs[ edit ] The Ministry of External Affairs is the Indian government's agency responsible for the foreign relations of India. Sushma Swaraj is current Minister of External Affairs.
Look East Policy[ edit ] Main article: During the cold war, India's relations with its South East Asian neighbours was not very strong.
After the end of the cold war, the government of India particularly realised the importance of redressing this imbalance in India's foreign policy. Consequently, the Narsimha Rao government in the early nineties of the last century unveiled the look east policy.
Initially it focused on renewing political and economic contacts with the countries of East and South-East Asia. After the start of liberalisation, it was a very strategic policy decision taken by the government in the foreign policy.
To quote Prime Minister Manmohan Singh "it was also a strategic shift in India's vision of the world and India's place in the evolving global economy".In the s, India's economic problems and the demise of the bipolar world political system forced India to reassess its foreign policy and adjust its foreign relations.
Previous policies proved inadequate to cope with the serious domestic and international problems facing India. India’s foreign policy towards China has one been one of simultaneous co-operation with defection, diplomatic engagement with China at various summits and at the same time engagement with other nations such as the US, Vietnam, Japan and Australia.
Essay on United Nations Organisation – Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow in Hindi Welcome to initiativeblog.com! Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Essay. You can help by adding to it. Ali Zardari admitted that the Pakistani government had "created and nurtured" terrorist groups to achieve its short-term foreign policy goals.
The Punjabi people are today the largest ethnic group in Pakistan and also an important ethnic group of northern initiativeblog.coman High Commissioner Sohail Mahmood: Indian High Commissioner, Ajay Bisaria. She is the author of the forthcoming ‘Chanakya to Modi: The Evolution of India’s Foreign Policy,’ (Harper Collins, ).
Hannah Thoburn is a Research Fellow at the Hudson Institute. Words Essay on India’s foreign policy Article shared by Ever since India achieved Independence from British rule on 15th August, , it has been following a policy of peaceful co-existence with its neighbor’s the rest of the world.