Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Shall I compare you to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: You are more lovely and more constant:
The poem takes place on a night in the "lonesome October" with a gray sky as the leaves are withering for the autumn season. In the region of Weir, by the lake of Auber, the narrator roams with a "volcanic" heart. He has a "serious and sober" talk with his soul, though he does not realize it is October or where his roaming is leading him.
He remarks on the stars as night fades away, remarking on the brightest one, and wonders if it knows that the tears on his cheeks have not yet dried.
His soul, however, mistrusts the star and where it is leading them. Just as the narrator calms his soul, he realizes he has unconsciously walked to the vault of his "lost Ulalume" on the very night he had buried her a year before. Analysis[ edit ] Unlike Poe's poem " Annabel Lee ", this poem presents a narrator who is not conscious of his return to the grave of his lost love.
Poe scholar and distant relative Harry Lee Poe says it is autobiographical and shows Poe's grief over the recent death of his wife Virginia. Much work has been done by scholars to identify all of Poe's allusions, most notably by Thomas Ollive Mabbottthough other scholars suggest that the names throughout the poem should be valued only because of their poetic sounds.
It is Psyche who first feels concerned about where they are walking and makes the first recognition that they have reached Ulalume's vault. The bright star they see is Astartea goddess associated with Venus  and connected with fertility and sexuality.
The "sinfully scintillant planet" in the original final verse is another reference to Venus. The Auber and Weir references in the poem may be to two contemporaries of Poe: He asked Poe for something with "vocal variety and expression". Bronson decided not to use the poem Poe sent him, "Ulalume".
Poe then submitted the poem to Sartain's Union Magazine, which rejected it as too dense. Colton did not immediately print the manuscript, so Poe exchanged it for "Ulalume". Some, including Evert Augustus Duyckinckpresumed that the poem's author was Willis.
Poe's literary executor Rufus Wilmot Griswold was the first to print "Ulalume" without its final stanza, now the standard version. Critical response[ edit ] Aldous Huxleyin his essay "Vulgarity in Literature", calls "Ulalume" "a carapace of jewelled sound", implying it lacks substance.
It said the "monotonous reiterations [of] 'Ulalume' properly intoned would produce something like the same effect upon a listener knowing no word of English that it produces on us.
These, to many, will appear only words; but what wondrous words! What a spell they wield! What a weird unity is in them!
The instant they are uttered, a misty picture, with a tarn, dark as a murderer's eye, below, and the thin yellow leaves of October fluttering above, exponents of a misery which scorns the name of sorrow, is hung up in the chambers of your soul forever.
Chivers made several similar unfounded accusations against Poe.
Hirst, suggested in the January 22,issue of the Saturday Courier that Poe had found the "leading idea" of the poem in a work by Thomas Buchanan Read. And I said 'What is written, sweet sister, At the opposite side of the room? Scott Fitzgerald 's debut novel This Side of Paradisethe protagonist Amory Blaine recites "Ulalume" while wandering through the countryside.
Another character, Eleanor Savage, calls Blaine "the auburn-haired boy who likes 'Ulalume. Lovecraft 's novella At the Mountains of Madnessa character refers to the poem.
While looking at a mountain, a character suggests "this mountain, discovered inhad undoubtedly been the source of Poe's image when he wrote seven years later", followed by a few lines of "Ulalume".Sonnet 55 is one of Shakespeare's most famous works and a noticeable deviation from other sonnets in which he appears insecure about his relationships and his own self-worth.
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