Not so much for me, however. I once went to a haunted house with my mother.
It is time we created a society where all levels of thinking and society can work together — so the individual psychologies can live together in a more integrated society. Interdisciplinary thinking tries to promote environmentalism, capitalism, religion, heroic individualism, and families simultaneously.
Beauty, truth, and ethics are united.
All you have to do is disagree with anything a leftist believes, and you are immediately slapped by them with one of those labels. He identifies fascism with counter-enlightenment thinking. Since Wolin is clearly a scholar of Continental philosophy, Enlightenment philosophy is for him primarily that of Voltaire, Diderot, and the other thinkers of the French Enlightenment.
The reaction to the Enlightenment came in several forms, from Romanticism to various forms of racism and nationalism. It is when the Nietzschean form of Romanticism or, at least, sections taken out of context was combined with ideas of racism and nationalism one cannot really object on the grounds of reason that this is a contradiction, since Nietzsche both hated anti-Semites and nationalism, since the people who combined them were enemies of reason that the various forms of fascism were born — the most commonly known being Italian fascism and Nazism.
The author does an excellent reading of Nietzsche as the 20th century thinkers have misread him, noting only at the end of his chapter on Nietzsche that they were in fact misreading him. Wolin spends each chapter covering different thinkers.
But before we get to the ones he does cover, I think I should mention the one thinker he does not cover at all in his own chapter: However, Wolin is interested in exposing those we do not normally see as fascists.
The first unexpected name to arise is Carl Jung. Jung also apparently thought of his famous ideas of the archetypes as being specifically Aryan in nature, and that Jews especially do not have them, or at least have them only weakly.
The reason for this was that Jung saw the archetypes as essentially pagan in origin. Further, Wolin points out that "Jung eagerly cooperated with the Goring Institute for Psychological Research and Psychotherapy, accepting the presidency of the Nazi-run General Medical Society for Psychotherapy and serving as editor for its journal, the Zentralblatt fur Psychotherapie" The fact that Jung headed a Nazi society for psychotherapy and cooperated with Nazi psychological research should concern anybody.
The next surprise — and even more surprising — is the case of Hans-Georg Gadamer, whose mentor was none other than Heidegger. Certainly, this association is hardly enough. Karl Jaspers was a friend of Heidegger, but did not join the Nazis in any way.
This is most damning when we consider the fact that one did not have to become a member of the Nazi party, or associate with them at all, to work in the universities. Bataille, whose influences included Nietzsche and the Marquis de Sade, is considered by many to be the father of poststructuralism, out of which we get postmodernism.
Bataille was closely associated with Left Fascism, which he identified as his ideology, and which seeked to unify fascism with an even stronger version of socialism.
He was anti-reason, anti-civilization, anti-ethics, pro-violence, and promoted the most perverse, unreproductive sexuality these things are not hidden or hinted at, but are explicitly stated by Bataille, or explicitly shown in his fictional works.
The next two figures Wolin covers are less clearly associated with fascism. Maurice Blanchot was a writer, who wrote articles against what he called the "inhuman Declaration of the Rights of Man," and who saw the "only solution to a dysfunctional republicanism" as a "fascist-type insurrection" He also thought there was an "international conspiracy of communists, Jews, and capitalists" Heidegger said that Germany was caught in the pincers of capitalism on one side, and communism on the other, both of which he said were metaphysically identical.
His literary theories also became one of the cornerstones of poststructuralism — joining him with Bataille. The most interesting person included in this work is Jacques Derrida, whose idea of deconstruction has led us into the postmodern era. Certainly, Derrida is anti-reason.
But for a long time, deconstruction was accused of being nonpolitical. He first responded by saying that deconstruction is in fact "hyper-political," particularly in its critique of democracy. His attacks on natural law also undermine the very foundations of democracy, on which democracy is founded.
He also opposed the ideas of Law and Justice, saying that "justice, as opposed to law, always pertains to the case at hand in its irreducible individuality" While there may be something to this, this should not, as Derrida suggests, mean we should do away with law. What is most interesting is that Derrida gets this idea form the Nazi jurist Carl Schmitt, who proclaimed that "the exception is more interesting than the rule" in his book Political Theology.
He wants justice that is not grounded in law — which means he wants the rule of man, not the rule of law. Another problem with dealing with justice through the lens of the exceptional is that what we end up with is crisis "justice," which allows precisely for dictatorial decrees.
Wolin ends his book with a chapter on anti-Americanism, which he identifies precisely with anti-Enlightenment thinking. America is everything Europe was not: Some of these things are still true. Certainly, Heidegger never traveled to America to learn anything about it.
And because America is capitalist, and in Europe Jews are associated with capitalism, the anti-Semitism that still runs through Europe contributes to anti-Americanism. We see anti-Americanism in the present day, among postmodern thinkers such as Baudrillard, who claims that in America we believe in a "hyperreality" made up entirely of media-generated images, which have replaced reality.Zu Richard Wolins ‘The Seduction of Unreason’”, in: Das Argument , H.
1, January/February , pp. - “Soziale Gerechtigkeit – Programmformel für das Read this book on Questia. The Seduction of Unreason: The Intellectual Romance with Fascism from Nietzsche to Postmodernism by Richard Wolin, | Online Research Library: Questia Read the full-text online edition of The Seduction of Unreason: The Intellectual Romance with Fascism from Nietzsche to Postmodernism ().
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Read eBook on the web, iPad, iPhone and Android Fifteen years ago, revelations about the political misdeeds of Martin Heidegger and Paul de Man sent shock waves throughout European and North American intellectual circles/5(2).
Richard Wolin - Richard Wolin is an intellectual historian. He is Distinguished Professor of History at the CUNY Graduate Center, where he has worked since He is known for studying the particular contributors to and sources of postmodernism's late 20th-century formulation, including Nietzsche and Heidegger.
His books include The Heidegger Controversy: A Critical Reader; The Frankfurt School Revisited; The Wind from the East: French Intellectuals, the Cultural Revolution, and the Legacy of the s; and The Seduction of Unreason: The Intellectual Romance with Fascism from Nietzsche to Postmodernism.
In this intellectual genealogy of the postmodern spirit, Richard Wolin shows that postmodernism's infatuation with fasci Fifteen years ago, revelations about the political misdeeds of Martin Heidegger and Paul de Man sent shock waves throughout European and North American intellectual circles/5.